characteristics of rivers in ghana

Spread along the Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Guinea, present-day Accra is well endowed with luxury and good-value hotels, modern commercial areas and shops as well as excellent restaurants, bars and nightclubs. A transboundary basin, which is the principal water source for approximately 24 million people in six riparian states, it is likely to experience increasing stress in the near future as a consequence of both greater water demand and climate change. Since the mid-1980s, when former United States President Jimmy Carter's Global 2000 In addition, about 1,500 other houses were destroyed by erosion caused by However, since the year 2009, the rise in galamsey sites has increased pollution in the river which has made it lose its crystal clear view to a now mostly muddy look. The Volta Delta, which forms a distinct subregion of the low plains, extends into the Gulf of Guinea in the extreme southeast. The Niger River borders the southern part of Ghana. Rainfall averages between 1,000 and 1,150 millimeters annually, although in the northwest it is closer The study presents the application of selected multivariate techniques: display methods (principal component analysis) and unsupervised pattern recognition (cluster analysis) in an attempt to discriminate sources of variation of water quality. Ghana constructed the Akosombo Dam (completed in 1965) in a gorge where the Volta cuts through the Akwapim–Togo Range, creating the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Volta. Climatic conditions across the country are hardly uniform. It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to … The White Volta occupies third position in terms of size ranking when it comes to rivers in Ghana. The fact that the river passes through dense forests brings out its enchanting beauty clearly. In the early part of the twentieth century, the Pra was used extensively to float timber to the coast for export. 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In 1977 it was reported that new concessions were being acquired on the Anum River, and Lower Offin, Pra, Tano, and Ankobra Rivers for dredging purposes.. References Rivers are fed by tributary streams or springs, and they include a river channel, shoreline and a floodplain. google_ad_slot = "6309326446"; The middle and lower Tano basins have been intensely explored for oil and natural gas since the mid-1980s. The Densu River showed an overall ionic dominance pattern of Na > Ca > K > Mg and Cl > HCO 3 > SO 4 , a pattern which is an intermediate between fresh and sea water systems. READ ALSO: Fish Farming in Ghana - Tilapia Business Made Easy. All of these waterways are connected and rely on precipitation to flow properly. From the confluence of the two branches the Volta River flows southwards toward the sea at a distance of approximately 498.9 kilometers (310 miles). Volta River. operations of the Bonsa Valley, and high-grade manganese deposits are all found in this area. The Pru River is a river of Ghana. Effect of Water Quality Characteristics on Fish Population of the Lake Volta, Ghana. But how does the water that falls on the ground get to the stream or river? The basin's population, principally farmers, is low in density, especially in the central and northwestern areas of the basin, where tsetse flies are common. To add to Volta River's famous attributes; it does pass through a lake. the powerful waves of the sea. History of Ghana . Near the Afram River, much of the surrounding countryside is flooded or swampy during the Rivers are fresh water bodies which generally originate in mountainous areas or elevated areas. Jump to navigation Jump to search. GHANA JOURNAL OF FORESTRY, VOL. Low plains stretch across the southern part of the country. This region provides Ghana’s best sites with many natural parks and mountains. The information contained in this database was collated by the Centre for Coastal Management (CCM) and its affiliate institutions. newly created townships on the lake's higher banks. Drones will be deployed and will send information to the rightful authorities who will then be prompted to act accordingly. The extent of drought and rainfall varies across the country. It cuts south-southwest across northern Togo and then forms the Ghana-Togo border for about 60 miles (100 km) before continuing southward through Ghana to empty into Lake Volta (created in the dammed Volta River). Ghana is drained by a large number of streams and rivers. Unlike the uplands, however, the height of the Akan Lowlands is generally between sea level and 150 meters. Almost flat and featureless, the Accra Plains descend gradually to the gulf from a height of about 150 meters. The Volta river system in Ghana is made up of the Black Volta and the White Volta rivers (see above map). Grain and cattle production are the major economic activities in the high plains of the northern region. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of The Bui Dam Area Of The Black Volta River, Ghana Posted on: 22 Mar, 2017 4:13 pm Pre- and post-impoundment studies of physical and chemical parameters of water in the Bui dam area of the Black Volta were carried out … This article may have too many red links. The Southern Ashanti Uplands, extending from the foot of the Kwahu Plateau in the north to the lowlands in the south, slope gently from an elevation of about 300 meters in the north to about 150 meters in the south. In 1482, the Portuguese built a trading settlement there. This type of water is r… Stretching in a northwest-to-southeast direction, the Kwahu Plateau extends 193 kilometers between However, this was in contrast to characteristics of larval sites for An. Dams can also be sources of recreational activities as some of them provide recreational facilities like boating. Some rivers have beds filled with boulders and gravel, while others have beds that are either sandy and flat or muddy and full of weeds. to 1,350 millimeters. Most of the other rivers, such as the Pra, the Ankobra, the Tano, and a number of smaller ones, flow directly south into the ocean from the watershed formed by the Kwahu Plateau, which separates them from the Volta drainage system. Living close to such a river does carry with it destructive problems. The most important of these are the Pra River, the Tano The Volta River flows through the country and the area around the river mostly consists of plains. On the other side of the Kwahu Plateau from Lake Volta are several river systems, including the Pra, Ankobra, Tano and Densu. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The upper section of the Pra River Basin, to the west of the Densu, is relatively flat; the topography of its lower reaches, however, resembles that of the Densu Basin and is a rich cocoa and food-producing region. The population structure has a broad base with people below 15 years constituting about a third of the total population of the delta … The Volta River System comprises the White, Black and Red Volta and Oti Rivers. With a total area of 238,533 square kilometers, Ghana is about the size of Britain. These rivers and the Sahara desert to the north formed a natural triangle of flat grasslands that the Ghana Empire would occupy (today’s southern portions of Mauritania and Mali). The valley of the Birim River, one of the areas of the forest cover have been destroyed through farming, enough deciduous forest remains to shade the head waters of the rivers that flow from the plateau. One, Lawra, offers ferry services besides the additional workers employed at the dam. To distinctly comprehend the complete marvel that comes with the Volta river, you need to know how the river comes to be. The Ankobra, which flows to the west of the Pra, has a relatively small drainage basin. Such illegal acts are seen as the main contributory factors for the change of color of the river from crystal clear water to a yellowish pigmentation. The Akwapim-Togo Ranges in the eastern part of the country consist of a generally rugged complex of folded strata, with many prominent heights composed of volcanic rock. This is a list of rivers in Ghana. In some extreme drought situations, some rivers dry up. Comprising the Southern Ashanti Uplands and the Kwahu Plateau, the Ashanti Uplands lie just north of the Akan Lowlands and stretch from the C�te d'Ivoire border in the west to the elevated edge of the Volta Basin in the east. Small-scale subsistence farming is typical in the ranges. eastern part of the country, and the Pru River, the Sene River, and the Afram River, major tributaries to the north of the Kawhu Plateau, also empty into flooded extensions of the lake in their river valleys. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. Several streams and rivers also dry up or experience reduced flow during the dry seasons of the year, while flooding during the rainy seasons is common. In a … Kwahu Plateau, the pattern is much more open, making access to water more difficult. Ghana's topography consists mainly of low plains but its south-central area does have a small plateau. Point to note is, when rivers do flood, they carry with them quality soil suitable for crop production. If you are interested in knowing where the power that runs the electrical appliances in your house or the source of the water that runs in your tap comes from, read through to find out. Moreover, it does brag of a dam built at the Bui Gorge. Arms of the lake extended into the lower-lying areas, forcing the relocation of 78,000 people to It occupies the steep-sided caldera of a The country's highest point, The lake is navigable from Akosombo through Yeji in the middle of the country; a twenty-four-meter pontoon was commissioned in 1989 to link the Afram Plains to the west of the lake with the lower Volta region to the east. Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. Volta River, the longest river in Ghana, is a combination of two other seemingly larger rivers, the Black Volta and the White Volta. To its north, two distinct seasons occur. The southern part of the country is characterized by generally humid conditions. A Rejuvenated River, one with a considerable distances in their lower reaches. Alongside every river is a shoreline, and somewhere along the shoreline, there is a floodplain. Mereb River. The cycle of the seasons follows the apparent movement of the sun back and forth across the equator. Increasing anthropogenic activities within the catchment of River Tano continues to threaten the river water quality but data is limited. River Ankobra is said to have a large concentration of mercury. A. Golow3 • T. T. Akiti3 • M. A. Sarfo1 • M. Salifu1 • F. Aidoo1 • A. R. Fuseini1 Received: 19 September 2014/Accepted: 19 April 2015/Published online: 14 May 2015 With three main tributaries; the Birim, Anum and Ofin rivers, it cuts through the Akan lowlands which play host to very important forests and … However, it is believed that people may have inhabited what is present-day Ghana from about 1500 BCE. This work aims at the identification and mapping of areas prone to ecological vulnerabilities in the Densu River Basin of Ghana. Ghana is characterized in general by low physical relief. google_ad_client = "pub-3994295485955294"; The Volta River is one of the major rivers in Africa. Nutrient and organic matter were found to be the most frequent cause of pollution of the river. The Oti River and the Daka River, the principal tributaries of the Volta in the This plan began in 2017 and the Minister of Lands and Natural Resources stated that the drones would cost about $3 million. These categories are: Youthful, Mature and Old Age. Several commercial centers, including Winneba, Saltpond, and Cape Coast, are located here. The topography east of the city of Accra is marked by a succession of ridges and spoonshaped valleys. It flows through Ghana's Upper … River, the Ankobra River, the Birim River, and the Densu River. The river passes through the largest artificial lake in the world, Lake Volta. As the sun returns south across the equator, the dry, dusty, tropical Many of the hills In particular, the Volta River Dam is generally perceived to be a good thing for Ghana and its neighbors. The Densu River Basin, location of the important urban centers of Koforidua and Nsawam in the eastern lowlands, has an undulating topography. Thus, crop production is at its best close to rivers all thanks to the silt from overflow water. Development of a River Profile-Longitudinal section of a river from source to mouth. The virtual absence of tsetse flies in the region has led, moreover, to increased livestock Mercury contamination in the river is attributed to mining activities, both legal and illegal, that take place on the banks of the river. The region is the country's chief producer of cocoa, and its tropical forests continue to be a vital source of timber for the lumber industry. They provide safe havens for wild ecosystem habiting the rivers. The ranges south of the gorge form the Akwapim section of the mountains. Fed by the Nini river, it covers a fairly large distance as it flows south to the Gulf of Guinea through a distance of 190 kilometers. The population that surrounds the river engages mainly in agriculture. All rivers have a river bed, which all differ from one another. Occupying the central part of Ghana, the Volta Basin covers about 45 percent of the nation's total land surface. To the west of Accra, the low plains contain wider valleys and rounded low hills, with occasional rocky headlands. //-->. More so, it is an important resource for the Ghana Water Company Limited as its water is tapped by the company before treating it then distribute to almost one million residents in some areas of Ghana including Sekoondi-Takoradi and Wassa East. The dam is actually the second largest electricity producing dam in the entirety of Ghana. Rivers drain nearly 75% of the earth's land surface. They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. Most water that we drink comes from rivers and so is water that we use in our daily chores as cleaning and for recreational purposes. Despite the construction of roads to connect communities displaced by the lake, road transportation in the region remains poor. As the delta grew outward over the centuries, sandbars The Water Resources Commission chose the Ankobra basin together with three other basins; the White Volta and the Densu for a project they rolled out. This particular river was used in the 20th century as a major transport route. Ghana, it is forbidden to draw water on certain days, and fishing is forbidden on Tuesdays and certain months of the year. The major drainage divide runs from the southwest part of the Akwapim-Togo Ranges northwest through the Kwahu Plateau and then irregularly westward to the C�te d'Ivoire border. It does, therefore, deserve appreciation due to the role it played and the role it continues to play in the development of lumber trade and the economy at large. millennium, exposing the soil to excessive drying and erosion, rendering the area less attractive to cultivators. The south central area of … Prior to this, the river was used as a borderline separating the Ashanti Empire from the then Gold Coast. Small craft can navigate approximately eighty kilometers inland from its mouth. The region, however, contains several hills and ranges as well as several towns of historical and economic Oti River, river in West Africa, rising in the southern plain of Burkina Faso.It meanders southward, briefly flowing along the Togo-Benin border. Mount Afadjato, is located in this area. Ghana's capital is Kumbi, which is located at the southern part of the Empire. Other major impoundments in Ghana include the Barekese and Owabi supply (consumptive water for Kumasi Metropolis), the Weija (supply water for Accra), Nawuni (that supply water in and out of the Tamale Metropolis) on the Rivers Densu, … At higher elevations temperatures are more comfortable.

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